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Counselor’s Perceptions of Using Bystander Intervention to Address Sexual Assault: A Case Study of College Counselors
(2017-05) Willis, Jill R.; Crews, Charles; Parr, Gerald; Jones, Stephanie J.
Title IX is a federal policy that requires colleges and universities to respond to sexual assault. As more colleges are under scrutiny regarding their Title IX policies concerning the process of reporting campus sexual assault, college counseling centers may be the primary contact for prevention and intervention on college campuses. One of the best ways to address Title IX requirements is to prevent sexual assault primarily. Bystander intervention is one way to change the culture of the campus community and prevent a sexual assault. The literature falls short of including college counselor perspectives when discussing sexual assault and bystander interventions. This study uses a qualitative method to examine the perceptions of college counselors who are tasked with responsibilities related to Title IX. Seven licensed professional counselors, who have experience at junior colleges, private and public four year universities were solicited to participate in interviews to investigate the role of college counselors and their perceptions of using bystander intervention programs to address and hopefully prevent sexual assault on college campuses.
Limitation of EOR Application in Tight Oil Formation
(2017-05) Mansour, Ahmed GH; Gamadi, Talal; Watson, Marshall; Emadibaladehi, Hossien
Tight oil reservoirs have become one of the main sources of oil production growth in the USA. Only 3 % to 7 % of the oil can be recovered, in these reservoirs under primary depletion. Further improve in oil recovery of tight oil reservoirs can be achieved by applying gas flooding or huff-n-puff, however, these methods have limitations especially when we are dealing with ultra-low permeable formation. The main objective of this study is to provide a flowchart that can be used to define the limitations of EOR application (gas flooding and HnP) in tight oil formation. This flowchart would help in eliminate the reservoirs that are not suitable for gas flooding but suitable to huff and puff technique and via versa base on reservoir average permeability. Moreover, it would help in optimizing the selected EOR technique. A 2D compositional simulation model was used to investigate the limitations of applying miscible gas flooding and gas cycling in tight formation. Both of the results have been compared under distinct scenarios and conditions. In terms of simulation model, both of homogenous and heterogeneous models have been used to assess the impact of the formation heterogeneity on the feasibility of gas flooding or Huff-n-Puff process. Different values of well spacing have used to identify the optimum well spacing. Moreover, different average permeability values have been used to study the effect of permeability value on the EOR performance in tight oil formation. The Simulation model results show the potential of enhanced oil recovery project in tight oil formation under specific conditions. Well spacing optimization has a significant effect on the gas flooding performance in tight oil formation. Hence, it is recommended to identify the well spacing before commencing in gas flooding project. The simulation study revealed the following: any oil reservoir with permeability less than 0.01md cannot be considered for gas flooding process. Because of the following reasons; gas injectivity issues, long injection time, long depletion time needed to start the gas flooding. In contrast, Huff-n-Puff simulation case studies showed better results and more oil recovery in formation with permeability less than 0.01md. Simulation results showed that any formation with permeability more than 0.1md can be considered for gas flooding but not for Huff-n-Puff because of the following reasons: gas flooding show better recovery factor comparing with Huff-n-Puff method, short depletion time is needed to start gas injection, less time injection and reasonable well spacing in wells In conclusion, this study helps in prompting our understanding of the enhanced oil recovery factor in tight oil formation. The results of the study show the limitations of the EOR using simulation approaches. Knowing the limitations of the EOR process in tight oil formation leads to improve the efficiency of the EOR project in these types of reservoirs.
Expecting More in Relationships – Implications of Relational Entitlement
(2017-05) Nicholas Williams, Denise; Smith, Doug; Soloski, Kristy; Whiting, Jason
The term relational entitlement has been used to explain attitudes of entitlement in the context of romantic relationships. Thus, entitlement refers to what individuals’ believe they “should” expect from their romantic partner. In cases where expectations for the relationship are both unrealistic and not met by one’s partner, there is a potential for adverse consequences such as, relationship conflict and a decrease in relationship satisfaction. Conflict in relationships can have adverse effects on the relationship mainly the dissolution of the relationship. Romantic relationships that are free of conflict are rare. There can be a variety factors attributed to the startup and maintenance of conflict in relationships. The researcher from the current study hypothesized that entitlement attitudes will influence couples’ conflict styles and their overall relationship satisfaction. Currently, researchers have explored the connection between entitlement attitudes in two areas of relationships: relationship satisfaction and violence. The researcher surveyed 274 participants between the ages 18-60. Participants for this study represented a collection of individuals across the U.S. A structural equation model was conducted to examine the relationship between the five latent constructs of the Sense of Relational Entitlement (SRE) scale and various types of conflict styles: compromise, physical and verbal aggression, submission, avoidance of the issue and control/domination. The researchers also examined the relationship between Sense of Relational Entitlement (SRE) scale and relationship satisfaction. Findings indicated that varying types of relational entitlement attitudes (i.e. sensitivity to relational transgressions or restrictive entitlement) were shown to be significantly related to conflict styles. As such, being entitled was related to the type of conflict style an individual expressed in the relationship.
A Formal Approach to Quantifying Soft Goals Satisfaction in Self-Adaptive Systems
(2017-05) Oyedeji, Oluwabukunmi O.; Siami Namin, Akbar; Hewett, Rattikorn; Mengel, Susan
Self-Adaptive systems are systems that are expected to fulfill a set of requirements at varying operational environments. The system can, in essence, adapt to the changes and not hamper the continual operation of that system. More specifically, these sorts of systems are expected to be aware of their operational state (self-aware), and the set of requirements that they need to meet at varying state of the system operations. In recent years, to ensure software quality, requirements are given careful consideration during the development of self-adaptive systems. The trend of applying Goal-Oriented Requirements Engineering (GORE) techniques are in use today. GORE-based modeling techniques such as Tropos and Goal-oriented Requirement Language (GRL) are used to model agent intentions. These models help in understanding systems and stakeholders’ motivations for performing a task. In modeling the stakeholders or system intentions, these requirements modeling techniques ensure the right systems are built. Thus, these modeling techniques are helpful for requirements elicitation of said self-adaptive systems. Due to the fact that goal models can be analyzed to answer questions relating to satisfaction of the intentional elements of the agent seeks to satisfy, it has become extremely important to predict system behavior. One major factor considered in self-adaptive systems is at a different point in time when there is a change in operational context and what is the effect of these changes to the satisfaction of agent intentions. This thesis focuses on providing the ability to analyze an agent’s intentions at varying operational context. In doing this, the thesis seeks to quantify the impact of this changing operational context to the satisfaction of soft goals at a particular time as oppose to the current method of weighing all impact to the satisfaction of these soft goals without consideration of excluding alternative path not taken while performing satisfaction analysis on a given goal model.
Examining the Shift to Patient Centeredness: Patient-Centered Communication Practices in the American Diabetes Association’s Complete Guide to Diabetes
(2017-05) Strubberg, Brandon C.; Koerber, Amy; Still, Brian; Locke Carter, Joyce
In 2001, the Institute of Medicine declared that patient centeredness was one of its pillars of quality healthcare, signaling a change to the traditional biomedical model. The fifth edition of the American Diabetes Association’s Complete Guide to Diabetes, published in 2011, claimed to embrace this era of patient centeredness. This study uses a mixed-methods approach comprised of rhetorical analysis, reading reception and eye tracking, and critical theory, to examine the patient-centered communication practices that the American Diabetes Association (ADA) implements in its manual. Specifically, the present study is designed to answer the following research questions: • Compared with past iterations of the ADA’s manual, what design practices are implemented in the fifth edition to create the semblance of patient-centered communication? • How do people with diabetes experience and respond to these patient-centered rhetorical devices in the context of the rhetoric of managed care? • Can eye-tracking methods be triangulated with rhetorical analysis effectively to study these kinds of questions? I conducted a rhetorical analysis of the fourth and fifth editions of the ADA’s Complete Guide to Diabetes to identify patient-centered design moves made in the two editions of the manual. I then conducted an eye-tracking study—adapted from traditional reading reception studies—to observe how participants engaged those design elements during reading. I also performed pre- and post-test interviews during the eye-tracking study to determine relevant subjective life experiences that affected the ways in which the participants experienced the texts. The rhetorical analysis component of the present study found that the fifth edition of the manual makes effective use of design and rhetorical appeals in its text that more closely aligns with the concepts of patient centeredness and patient-centered communication practices than does the fourth edition of the manual. The eye-tracking portion of the study provided observational data—gaze plots and heat maps—of participants’ reading behaviors. While these data were interesting, it was the pre- and post-test interviews that provided especially astute subjective insights as participants discussed their reading experiences in the context of their lives with diabetes. Ultimately, more participants preferred the user-centered design of the fifth edition than those who preferred the fourth edition of the ADA’s manuals. Combining two approaches, rhetorical analysis and eye tracking, proved to be an interesting, though potentially unnecessary mode for identifying both empirical and interpretive results for the present study. Each method seemingly corroborated the other’s findings, but the interviews were essential to understanding how the readers actually responded to the design choices on a subjective level whereas the eye-tracking data were questionable.