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(2018) Li, Heng; Hao, Wen Juan; Li, Guigen (TTU); Tu, Shu Jiang; Jiang, Bo
A new Fe(III)-catalyzed bicyclization reaction of yne-allenones with indoles has been established, enabling the direct construction of cyclobuta[a]naphthalen-4-ols with an all-carbon quaternary center in good to excellent yields. This reaction was performed by using low-cost FeCl3 as the catalyst and EtOH as the environmentally benign solvent, providing a green protocol for constructing the cyclobutarene framework with a high degree of atom economy and functional group compatibility. The reaction mechanism was proposed to proceed through a [2 + 2] cycloaddition/1,6-conjugate addition cascade.