• Fire Safety Implications of Preliminary Results from Saffire IV and V Experiments on Large Scale Spacecraft Fires 

      Urban, David; Ruff, Gary; Ferkul, Paul; Easton, John; Owens, Jay; Olson, Sandra; Meyer, Marit; Fortenberry, Claire; Brooker, John; Graf, John; Casteel, Michael; Jomaas, Grunde; Toth, Balazs; Eigenbrod, Christian; T'Ien, James; Liao, Ya-Ting; Fernandez-Pello, Carlos; Meyer, Florian; Legros, Guillaume; Guibaud, Augustin; Smirnov, Nikolay; Fujita, Osamu (50th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 7/12/2021)
      The spread and growth of flames over large solid fuel samples and their effect on the pressurized spacecraft were studied inside Cygnus spacecraft while in orbit after departing the International Space Station. These ...
    • Flammability Limits from BASS-II Testing in Microgravity Compared to Normal Gravity Limits 

      Olson, Sandra; Ferkul, Paul; Fernandez-Pello, Carlos; Miller, Fletcher; Wichman, Indrek; T'Ien, James (49th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2019-07-07)
      Normal gravity flammability limits are often reported as downward spread limits (Limiting Oxygen Index), or upward spread limits (NASA Test 1, UL 94V). In microgravity, the comparable limits are opposed flow and concurrent ...
    • Laboratory Evaluation of Nomex® IIIA as a Flammability Barrier Material in a variable oxygen and pressure atmosphere 

      Shang, Wei; T'Ien, James (46th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2016-07-10)
      Many flammable materials are used in home, building and transportation applications (automobile, airplane, spacecraft, etc). Despite they may fail in standard tests, they are employed because of their other desirable ...
    • Results of Large-Scale Spacecraft Flammability Tests 

      Ferkul, Paul; Olson, Sandra; Urban, David; Ruff, Gary; Easton, John; T'Ien, James; Liao, Ya-Ting; Fernandez-Pello, A. Carlos; Torero, Jose; Eigenbrod, Christian; Legros, Guillaume; Smirnov, Nickolay; Fujita, Osamu; Rouvreau, Sebastien; Toth, Balazs; Jomaas, Grunde (47th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2017-07-16)
      The preliminary results for two flights of the Spacecraft Fire Experiment (Saffire), conducted on an orbiting spacecraft, are presented. These experiments directly address the risks associated with our understanding of ...