Contraceptive use and AIDS protective sexual behaviors in the era of AIDS
Pettit, Barbara L.
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Contraceptive behavior has been an important area of study for many years due to ever increasing rates of unwanted pregnancies. Many variables have been found to be related to contraceptive behaviors. In the area of HIV protective sexual behavior, however, the search for variables predicting these behaviors has just begun in the last twelve to fifteen years. The current study attempted to combine variables important in both areas of study in order to yield a more accurate prediction of HIV protective sexual behaviors. Additionally, the Health Belief Model was used to organize the literature pertaining to contraceptive and HIV protective sexual behavior and the variables which have been associated with these behaviors. It was found that many of these variables, both individually and in combination, are associated with contraceptive and AIDS protective behavior. Support was found for the external modifiers of social network influences, religiosity, and substance use; the internal modifiers of sexual self efficacy, the love attitudes Eros, Ludus, Storge, and Agape, the sex attitudes Permissiveness, Sexual Practices, and Instrumentality; and barriers and benefits.