The effect of worker motivation on group performance
One way to investigate group behavior is to study the individuals which make up the group. Carter (1954) proposed three factors which he felt adequately described the interaction behavior of individuals in small groups. Carter labeled the factors as follows: 1) individual prominence and achievement, 2) aiding attainment by the group, and 3) sociability. Bass (1962) proposed three personality orientations based on the kinds of satisfactions and rewards an individual seeks in group settings. These orientations correspond to Carter's factors. George (1963,1967) investigated motivation for aiding attainment by the group and found that people who were so motivated were more likely to respond to problems in a way which coordinated the group's effort. The following hypotheses were made 1) There will be a relationship between the effect of social facilitation and the desire to achieve prominence within the group. 2) Individuals who are motivated to aid the group in attaining its goal will be more likely to take responsibility to render effective help when it is needed. 3) As a result of this aid, these groups would be more likely to produce more on a performance task when trouble is encountered. An experiment was proposed which used the filling out of invoices as a task to test these hypotheses. The experiment failed to find any relationship between the level of desire for prominence within the group and social facilitation as measured by the number of invoices produced (r(198)=.004, n.s.). The motivation to aid the group in attaining its task was found to affect both the frequency with which effective help was rendered (chi-square(1,N=40)=4.71, p<.05), and the number of invoices produced in a group where trouble was encountered (F(l,36)=6.15, p<.05).