Faculty members’ perception of e-learning in higher education in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)
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The study employed quantitative research to answer the research questions. The purpose of this study was to investigate faculty members’ attitudes toward e-learning in higher education in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the factors influencing their attitudes. This study examined differences in attitude between faculty members based on age, gender, education level, nationality, and teaching experiences. This research was limited to two universities from different locations in the KSA. A Survey questionnaire was used in this study to collect the data. The results showed that there is a difference between the levels of e-learning based on different components of identity. The gender perceptions were the first indication of differences, with perceptions by females being more positive than that of males. This was followed by age differences in which the ages under 44 had a stronger perception of e- learning than those over the ages of 45. The educational level was also noted as being affected by the perceptions of e-learning being stronger with those who had a Bachelor’s degree. The results showed that faculty members who had less teaching experience had a stronger perception than those who had been teaching for more than 10 years. Nationality was also influenced in terms of the positive outlook by non-Saudi. There was an overall positive outlook of e-learning by faculty members with the belief that it is a tool which enhances learning. The responding to the challenges and obstructions of e-learning, participants revealed that a lack of tools and knowledge created impediments to teaching e-learning courses.