1:1 technology initiative: A case study to determine the barriers of implementation in a rural school setting
The purpose of this qualitative study is to explore the decisions necessary for superintendents of small rural schools who desire to implement a 1:1 technology initiative. Superintendents have an ethical obligation to their staff, their students, and to all stakeholders of the district, to use their resources wisely, to think outside of the box, and to create an environment that allows for the integration of technology into the curriculum. When implementing a 1:1 technology initiative, many barriers present themselves that must be considered when determining the path toward a 1:1 initiative. This study will center on the characteristics of transformational leadership that are exhibited by the superintendents being studied and the ethical decisions that are necessary when undertaking such an initiative. A superintendent, using transformational leadership with an ethical focus, must work to overcome the barriers associated with implementing a technology initiative. They must be leaders with a truly visionary approach to the future successes of their students and their schools. The literature reviewed for this study showed a consistent purpose for administrators to develop procedures for the implementation of technology into the school setting. The integration of technology into the school setting helps transform schools into an environment of learning by doing instead of a system of merely absorbing knowledge (Collins & Halverson, 2009). Further research is needed in the areas of financial considerations, appropriate professional development, and the impact a 1:1 initiative will have on high-stakes testing accountability.