Space planning & building programming: How stakeholders can generate quick, informed decisions
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A cross-sectional, phenomenological study utilizing exploratory and descriptive research was conducted to assist stakeholders in making quicker, more informed decisions regarding space planning and building programming in institutions and businesses. The research questions were directed toward classifying (1) whether anthropometric and ergonomic practices are evident in professional building programming and space planning, (2) whether relationships of space, adjacencies of functions, and social interaction theories are referenced, (3) which aspects of space planning and building programming waste time and resources, and (4) what variables stakeholders need from a building program to make determinations regarding institutional facilities development. Qualitative analysis is the most appropriate research method for gathering information for this inquiry. Participants from the architecture and design industry were interviewed in conference calls. Once the data was collected, it was analyzed using textual coding practices. The conclusions of the findings were developed from the analyses of the stories and opinions of the participants, capturing information that would have been lost in a quantitative method. The results indicate that the creation of spaces is a team sport built on clarity, trust and respect; both the client and the design team are vital contributors. Furthermore, the design team must be trustworthy and earn the confidence of the stakeholders in order to guide them through the building process. The implications of the findings have the possibility of impacting how professionals are building buildings, as well as how students are prepared to enter the architecture and design industry.