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dc.creatorBamsey, Matthew T.
dc.creatorZabel, Paul
dc.creatorZeidler, Conrad
dc.creatorGyimesi, Dávid
dc.creatorSchubert, Daniel
dc.creatorKohlberg, Eberhard
dc.creatorMengedoht, Dirk
dc.creatorRae, Joanna
dc.creatorGraham, Thomas
dc.date.accessioned2015-10-29T13:06:04Z
dc.date.available2015-10-29T13:06:04Z
dc.date.issued2015-07-12
dc.identifier.otherICES-2015-060
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2346/64457
dc.descriptionBellevue, Washington
dc.descriptionMatthew T. Bamsey, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Germany
dc.descriptionPaul Zabel, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Germany
dc.descriptionConrad Zeidler, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Germany
dc.descriptionDávid Gyimesi, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Germany
dc.descriptionDaniel Schubert, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Germany
dc.descriptionEberhard Kohlberg, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Germany
dc.descriptionDirk Mengedoht, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Germany
dc.descriptionJoanna Rae, British Antarctic Survey, United Kingdom
dc.descriptionThomas Graham, NASA Kennedy Space Center, USA
dc.descriptionThe 45th International Conference on Environmental Systems was held in Bellevue, Washington, USA on 12 July 2015 through 16 July 2015.
dc.description.abstractAntarctic crews have been transporting plants and their supporting infrastructure to Antarctic field sites since as early as 1902. More than 46 distinct plant production facilities have, at one time or another, operated in Antarctica. Production facilities have varied significantly in size, technical sophistication, and operational life. Many of these efforts have been driven by the expeditioners themselves, which clearly demonstrates the fundamental desire that people have to associate themselves with plants while living and working in inhospitable environments. The need for this biological association can be solely psychological, while at other times it is based on the more practical need for fresh food. Although the nature of plant growth activities has evolved with the implementation of increasingly stringent environmental regulations, there remains strong interest in deploying such systems within or near Antarctic stations. Current Antarctic plant growth facilities are predominately organized and administered at the national program level to ensure such regulations are adhered to. Nine hydroponic facilities are currently operating in Antarctica. This paper summarizes historic and existing Antarctic facilities by incorporating information from expeditioners, environmental assessment reports, direct communication with national contact points, as well as published reference documents, unpublished reports, and web-based sources. A description of the country operating the facility, the specific Antarctic station, as well as specific information with regard to the facility size and the nature/type of the deployed systems are provided. Looking towards the future of Antarctic plant growth facilities, a number of previously and currently planned Antarctic facilities are also reviewed. The potential for future Antarctic plant production systems are discussed and considered not only for food production but also as bioregenerative life support systems, in that they can provide supplemental station capacity for air and water regeneration. Antarctic testing can also advance the readiness of hardware and operational protocols for use in space-based systems, such as in orbit/transit or on the surface of the Moon and Mars.en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisher45th International Conference on Environmental Systemsen_US
dc.titleReview of Antarctic Greenhouses and Plant Production Facilities: A Historical Account of Food Plants on the Iceen_US
dc.typePresentationen_US


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