Advising Presidents: Private Advice vs. Public Advocacy
Casto, William R.
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The focus of this article is on the advisory relationship between General Robert H. Jackson and President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The author was able to examine a wealth of primary materials and gain a focus on the advisory process. The author noted interesting discrepancies between what Jackson apparently advised the president in private and what Jackson told others. These discrepancies led the author to consider the implications of advising one thing in private and something significantly different to others.