Reivindicando al eros: Diferentes manifestaciones de lo erótico y el humor en la narrativa de Federico Andahazi, Gabriel García Márquez y Mario Vargas Llosa
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Federico Andahazi, Gabriel Garcia Marquez and Mario Vargas Llosa present in their texts various manifestations of the erotic experience. Although the works are different when it comes to space, time or style, they still show a certain similarity, the liberation of the body. These three authors are interested in the emancipation and democratization of pleasure by braking with previously held notions. This study proposes a reflection on eroticism, through anthropological observations that explore human reality and its biological and social aspects, through Michael Foucault's theory on power, Theodor Lipps' contributions to humor studies and Roland Barthes perspective on the pleasure of the text. The dissertation is divided in five chapters. The first one provides a historical background of the evolution, the artistic influences and the sociocultural movements that contributed to this genre from its beginnings to the present. The second focuses on the theoretical framework that will be used to conduct the analysis of the corpus selected. The third chapter explores female eroticism by paying attention to how the authors empower their female protagonists through their sexuality. The fourth one analyses the humorous side of the erotic relations in the works of Garcia Marquez and Vargas Llosa. The last chapter studies how Vargas Llosa proposes a new way to read a text and make it a pleasurable experience, particularly when reading erotic fiction; the reader becomes a voyeur and also an active participant in the actions of the characters.