Music in the mind’s ear: The effect of varied conditions on audiation accuracy
Antinone, Patrick M.
MetadataShow full item record
The primary purpose of this study was to assess the effect of varied conditions on undergraduate music majors’ audiation accuracy. Undergraduate music majors (N = 100) participated in three experimental tasks: melody preparation, error detection and sung response following one measure of audiation. The preparatory activity tasked participants with indicating familiarity levels for folk melodies (stimuli). Following which, participants identified the accuracy of a single test note through error detection or sung response following one measure of audiation. Data included response accuracy under varied conditions of error detection versus sung response, notation versus no notation, familiar versus unfamiliar melodies, instrumentalists versus vocalists and upperclass versus underclass students. Chi square contingency table analysis indicated a significant difference overall. Post hoc analysis indicated significant differences between the following pairs of proportions: error detection × unfamiliar melodies; notation × unfamiliar melodies; familiar × unfamiliar melodies; and vocalists × unfamiliar melodies. Results validated both the presence and measurability of audiation via methodology that mirrored common classroom assessments. Results indicated sung response following one measure of audiation of familiar notated melodies produced the most reliable audiation assessment. These results informed development of a simple, efficient and reliable methodology to assess audiation that mirrors common instructional practice. The newly developed methodology will provide researchers and music educators the tools to assess effectiveness of audiation as an instructional strategy.