Mitigation of Silver Ion Loss from Solution by Polymer Coating of Metal Surfaces, Part II
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“Spacecraft potable water systems require a biocidal agent that effectively provides both immediate and residual disinfection over long periods of time. Ionic silver (Ag+) is a leading candidate for this application, but suffers from rapid concentration loss due to interactions with the metal storage containers and tubing. In order to maintain biocidal efficacy in systems with long periods of dormancy and to reduce the required rate of Ag+ injection, it is necessary to develop alternative materials and coatings for certified metal alloys that significantly reduce the Ag+ loss.” In this work, we continue our investigation of vapor-deposited parylene (AF4, and now C) polymers as conformal barrier coatings under long-term (ca. 1-year) immersion in ca. 400 ppb Ag+. The performance of internal coatings in tubing/two-ferrule fitting systems is characterized. We report successful “aging” and high concentration Ag+ pretreatment of parylene coatings for quantitative reduction of Ag+ loss rates. In addition, we observe long-term blister-free adhesion of mechanically anchored parylene-AF4 on nano-structured Ti-6Al-4V alloy and chemically bonded parylene-C on 316L stainless steel. Finally, we report preliminary experiments with mechanical and chemical anchoring of laboratory-deposited parylene-C on 316L.