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dc.creatorLicht, Jeff
dc.creatorSmith, Nicholas G.
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-30T21:34:21Z
dc.date.available2021-04-30T21:34:21Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationLicht J and Smith NG (2020) Pyrogenic Carbon Increases Pitch Pine Seedling Growth, Soil Moisture Retention, and Photosynthetic Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency in the Field. Front. For. Glob. Change 3:31. https://doi.org/10.3389/ffgc.2020.00031en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.3389/ffgc.2020.00031
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2346/86916
dc.description.abstractClimate change and land management are altering forest fire frequency and intensity worldwide. In some Northeast U.S. forests, pitch pine (Pinus rigida Miller) is not suffering from presence but rather a lack of wildfire events. In their absence, prescribed fire is being used to diminish fuel loads, open canopies and reduce competition. Pyrogenic carbon (PyC) produced by the fires may also improve soil moisture retention and plant physiological processes. Where the application of prescribed fire is not feasible due to nearby human populations, we reason prescribed fire PyC could be replaced by anthropogenic PyC product to provide similar soil benefits. We tested this hypothesis with pitch pine seedlings at a site absent overstory planted in submerged tree pots with control and PyC-imbued soils. Investigators found anthropogenic and forest PyC fostered similar growth, soil moisture retention and photosynthetic intrinsic water use efficiency, both significantly higher than unamended soils. We conclude anthropogenic subsurface PyC soil amendment provides a conservation management tool for enhancing benefits in ecosystems where prescribed fire is not a viable option in northerly forests in the U.S.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherFrontiersen_US
dc.subjectPyrogenic Carbon (PyC)en_US
dc.subjectPrescribed Fireen_US
dc.subjectCharcoalen_US
dc.subjectForest Ecologyen_US
dc.subjectSoil Moistureen_US
dc.subjectWater Use Efficiencyen_US
dc.subjectConservationen_US
dc.titlePyrogenic Carbon Increases Pitch Pine Seedling Growth, Soil Moisture Retention, and Photosynthetic Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency in the Fielden_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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