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dc.creatorAndrukonis, Allison
dc.creatorBrown, Kelsea M.
dc.creatorHall, Nathaniel J.
dc.creatorProtopopova, Alexandra
dc.date.accessioned2021-07-26T20:11:18Z
dc.date.available2021-07-26T20:11:18Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationAndrukonis A, Brown KM, Hall NJ and Protopopova A (2021) Intake Vaccinations Reduced Signs of Canine Respiratory Disease During an Outbreak at an Animal Shelter. Front. Vet. Sci. 8:627580. https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2021.627580en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2021.627580
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2346/87423
dc.descriptionCopyright © 2021 Andrukonis, Brown, Hall and Protopopova. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.en_US
dc.description.abstractAnimal shelters provide an ideal environment for the spread of disease. Dogs are often housed in close quarters with others of unknown vaccine histories, and experience high levels of sustained stress. As a result, Canine Infection Respiratory Disease (CIRD) is often prevalent and difficult to control. The aims of this study were to (1) identify specific pathogens responsible for CIRD in a city shelter in West Texas, USA, and (2) determine whether intake vaccinations decrease proportion of dogs exhibiting signs of CIRD even during an outbreak. A laboratory analysis of conjunctival, pharyngeal, and nasal swabs (n = 15 dogs) and fecal samples (n = 6 kennels) showed prevalence of various CIRD pathogens (e.g., canine adenovirus-2, canine parainfluenza virus, canine distemper virus). All fifteen dogs tested positive for at least one pathogen, with the most prevalent pathogen being Canine Distemper Virus (CDV; n = 12). All of the kennels (n=6) tested positive for Canine Distemper Virus. Health data on dogs (n = 1,258) over the age of 6 weeks were assessed from May to August 2017. Beginning in July, both stray and owner-surrendered dogs were vaccinated with Nobivac® Canine 1-DAPPv 5 Way and Nobivac® Intra-Trac® 3 upon intake, which differed from the previous policy. For each day in the study, we calculated the proportion of dogs in each nasal discharge category, the proportion of dogs observed coughing, and the mean fecal score across all dogs. We conducted a linear regression between the proportion of the shelter vaccinated and the proportion of dogs coughing. At the beginning of the vaccination phase, ~25% of the dogs were coughing. However, as the proportion of the dogs vaccinated increased, the proportion of dogs coughing decreased. There was a significant decrease of 7% of the proportion of dogs coughing when vaccination was at least at 90% compared to when it was <90%. These data suggest that the shelter in this study was experiencing a CIRD outbreak, with CDV being primary pathogen, and that it is possible to substantially reduce illness by implementing a vaccination on intake protocol. The current study provides support for the importance of vaccination in animal shelter welfare.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.subjectAnimal Shelteren_US
dc.subjectCanine Distemper Virusen_US
dc.subjectCanine Infectious Respiratory Diseaseen_US
dc.subjectHerd Immunityen_US
dc.subjectVaccinationsen_US
dc.titleIntake Vaccinations Reduced Signs of Canine Respiratory Disease During an Outbreak at an Animal Shelteren_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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