The impact of caregivers’ victimization history on their children’s behavior
Gissandaner, Tre D.
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Families living in poverty are at an increased risk of experiencing adverse events and high levels of everyday stress. There is a wealth of research demonstrating the long-term negative effects of childhood trauma and adversity early in life on the physical and mental health in both adults and children. However, few studies have examined how a caregiver’s victimization history may impact their child’s behavioral functioning. Specifically, the purpose of this study was to explore the degree to which caregivers’ victimization history and everyday stress was related to child behavior. Participants were children and caregivers from at-risk and low-income families from five regions across the United States. Results indicated that caregiver victimization history was directly associated with child externalizing behaviors and indirectly associated via caregiver everyday stress; however, these effects were region specific. Additionally, caregiver victimization history was directly associated with child internalizing problems and also indirectly associated through caregiver everyday stress, and these effects were robust across region. This indicates caregiver everyday stress is a potential mechanism through which the impact of caregiver victimization is transmitted to child behavior problems. Methodological, theoretical, clinical and policy, and training implications are discussed.Embargo status: Restricted to TTU community only. To view, login with your eRaider (top right). Others may request access exception by clicking on the PDF link to the left.