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dc.creatorFedler, Clifford B.
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-23T17:58:47Z
dc.date.available2021-11-23T17:58:47Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationFedler CB. Design of Land Application Systems for Water Reuse. Water. 2021; 13(15):2120. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152120en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/w13152120
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2346/88313
dc.descriptionThis is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly citeden_US
dc.description.abstractWater reuse via land application is old technology; but the water balance only design approach and practice has not worked well. There are many benefits of water reuse by irrigating crops; however, there are some risks if not designed properly. When the design approach uses a combined water-nutrient-salt balance, the most effective and sustainable, long-term system is achieved. This approach provides a design based on land area requirements, on-site water storage, and economic return from the irrigated crops. The single, most often overlooked step in the water balance is accounting for the water stored in the soil. When spread over large areas, this quantity of water results in considerably less required surface water storage, which saves capital costs. This design approach has been used successfully on multiple sites for over 30 years without failure.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.subjectWastewateren_US
dc.subjectRecycleen_US
dc.subjectBeneficial Useen_US
dc.subjectIrrigationen_US
dc.subjectMass Balanceen_US
dc.titleDesign of Land Application Systems for Water Reuseen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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