History of NASA's Odor Assessment (Test 6)
Tapia Harper, Susana
MetadataAfficher la notice complète
NASA's Odor Assessment (Test 6) for nonmetallic materials and assembled articles for spacecraft has evolved since the Apollo program in 1966 to meet various habitable spacecraft nonmetallic programmatic requirements. The purpose of Test 6 is to determine if the odor from a material or assembled article is objectionable or revolting on an odor-characteristic scale of 0 to 4. Samples of the toxicity-screened test atmosphere from a conditioned specimen container are administered to an Odor Panel of qualified human research subject volunteers using a syringe and mask, and are assigned a scored odor characteristic of undetectable (0), barely detectable (1), easily detectable (2), objectionable (3), or revolting (4). The odor from a material or assembled article is objectionable or revolting if an average rating of 2.5 or higher is assigned by an Odor Panel. This manuscript presents the history of Test 6, beginning with the Apollo spacecraft nonmetallic materials selection guidelines and test requirements from 1966, in which tests were performed in oxygen atmospheres, and follows the odor test through Skylab, Space Shuttle, International Space Station, and Orion nonmetals testing, and acceptance requirements.