Defective Human SRP Induces Protein Quality Control and Triggers Stress Response
Tikhonova, Elena B.
Gutierrez Guarnizo, Sneider Alexander
Kellogg, Morgana K.
Dozmorov, Igor M.
Karamysheva, Zemfira N. (TTU)
Karamyshev, Andrey L.
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Regulation of Aberrant Protein Production (RAPP) is a protein quality control in mammalian cells. RAPP degrades mRNAs of nascent proteins not able to associate with their natural interacting partners during synthesis at the ribosome. However, little is known about the molecular mechanism of the pathway, its substrates, or its specificity. The Signal Recognition Particle (SRP) is the first interacting partner for secretory proteins. It recognizes signal sequences of the nascent polypeptides when they are exposed from the ribosomal exit tunnel. Here, we reveal the generality of the RAPP pathway on the whole transcriptome level through depletion of human SRP54, an SRP subunit. This depletion triggers RAPP and leads to decreased expression of the mRNAs encoding a number of secretory and membrane proteins. The loss of SRP54 also leads to the dramatic upregulation of a specific network of HSP70/40/90 chaperones (HSPA1A, DNAJB1, HSP90AA1, and others), increased ribosome associated ubiquitination, and change in expression of RPS27 and RPS27L suggesting ribosome rearrangement. These results demonstrate the complex nature of defects in protein trafficking, mRNA and protein quality control, and provide better understanding of their mechanisms at the ribosome.