Interactions of the major cold shock protein of Bacillus subtilis CspB with single-stranded DNA templates of different base composition

Abstract

CspB is a small acidic protein of Bacillus subtilis, the induction of which is increased dramatically in response to cold shock. Although the exact functional role of CspB is unknown, it has been demonstrated that this protein binds single-stranded deoxynucleic acids (ssDNA). We addressed the question of the effect of base composition on the CspB binding to ssDNA by analyzing the thermodynamics of CspB interactions with model oligodeoxynucleotides. Combinations of four different techniques, fluorescence spectroscopy, gel shift mobility assays, isothermal titration calorimetry, and analytical ultracentrifugation, allowed us to show that: 1) CspB can preferentially bind poly-pyrimidine but not poly-purine ssDNA templates; 2) binding to T-based ssDNA template occurs with high affinity (K(d)(25 °C) ≃ 42 nM) and is salt-independent, whereas binding of CspB to C-based ssDNA template is strongly salt-dependent (no binding is observed at 1 M NaCl), indicating large electrostatic component involved in the interactions; 3) upon binding each CspB covers a stretch of 6-7 thymine bases on T-based ssDNA; and 4) the binding of CspB to T-based ssDNA template is enthalpically driven, indicating the possible involvement of interactions between aromatic side chains on the protein with the thymine bases. The significance of these results with respect to the functional role of CspB in the bacterial cold shock response is discussed.

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cc-by

Keywords

Citation

Lopez, M.M., Yutani, K., & Makhatadze, G.I.. 1999. Interactions of the major cold shock protein of Bacillus subtilis CspB with single-stranded DNA templates of different base composition. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 274(47). https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.274.47.33601

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