A Wiki-based dataset of military operations with novel strategic technologies (MONSTr)


Research on strategies and force employment in modern warfare is prolific, but siloed. While some examine boots on the ground, others focus on aerial bombing or unpiloted platforms. Consequently, most studies focus on the effects of one approach, seldom considering it in lieu of or conjunction with others. Furthermore, there is less knowledge on the origins and implementations of these strategic choices analyzed in isolation. The primary reason for these gaps lies in data limitations. This paper introduces a comprehensive dataset on the universe of United States military operations from 1989 to 2021 from a single source: Wikipedia. Using automated extraction techniques on its two structured knowledge databases–Wikidata and DBpedia–we uncover information about individual operations within nearly every post-1989 military intervention described in existing academic datasets. The data we introduce offers unprecedented coverage and granularity that enables analysis of myriad factors associated with when, where, and how the United States employs military force. We describe the data collection process, demonstrate its contents and validity, and discuss its potential applications to existing theories about force employment and strategy in war.


This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Interactions on May 30, 2023, available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/03050629.2023.2214845.


Dataset, Military Intervention, Use of Force


Gannon, J., & Chávez, K. (2023). A Wiki-based dataset of military operations with novel strategic technologies (MONSTr). International Interactions, 49(4), 639–668. https://doi.org/10.1080/03050629.2023.2214845