Three essays on economics of crime and immigration

dc.contributor.committeeChairHudson, Darren
dc.contributor.committeeMemberPavlik, Jamie Bologna
dc.contributor.committeeMemberRahman, Shaikh Mahfuz
dc.contributor.committeeMemberAvetisyan, Misak G.
dc.creatorHaider, A S M Shakil
dc.creator.orcid0000-0001-6837-8761 2021
dc.description.abstractIn the United States, immigration policies are politically debated when the concern is about the effect of such policies on crime and labor market outcomes. Even though the concern for crime exists for a long time, such concern is intensified due to rise in crime and the contagious behavior of crime in United Sates. Therefore, the primary objective of this dissertation is to investigate the causal effect of different immigration policies on crime and labor market outcomes in the context of United States. In addition, contagious behavior of crime along with the effects of different socio-economic and socio-demographic factors on crime are also examined in the context of US by allowing for county-level spatial dependence. The first chapter investigates statistically, the sanctuary policy (implemented on different US counties) effect on broad categories (i.e., violent and non-violent crime) and subcategories (i.e., murder, rape, burglary, motor vehicle (MV) theft) of crime from the lens of different causal methods. The analysis is conducted considering US county-level panel data and by applying different variations of difference in differences (DID) and synthetic control methods. A further analysis of sanctuary policy effects on crime is conducted by applying both the methods in a staggered treatment adoption setting. The results found that, even though there are few significant rises in crime categories due to sanctuary policy implementation, most of the results indicate that there is no evidence of statistically significant effect of sanctuary policy on different crime categories. Chapter two of the dissertation focuses on the contagious/spilling behavior of crime along with investigating the linkages in between violent and non-violent crime in United States. In addition, direct and indirect (i.e., spillover) effects of different socio-economic and socio-demographic factors on violent crime is also analyzed. For analysis, US county-level panel data is used where county-level spatial dependence is allowed among the variables and panel spatial econometric models are applied on the data to capture the spilling behavior. The key findings of this study strikingly suggest that cross-county crime spillover exists where non-violent crime leads to violent crime. In addition, income shows greater effect on violent crime where other socio-economic and socio-demographic variables suggest mixed effects in both short and long run. In chapter three, immigration policy effect on labor market outcomes is analyzed considering a highly debated immigration policy known as Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA). DACA was first announced by President Obama in 2012 which provides work authorization and protection from deportation to “eligible unauthorized immigrants” and there are several criteria to become DACA-eligible. The policy became debatable due to its possible detrimental effects on labor market outcomes of DACA-ineligibles including the citizens of US. Therefore, this chapter primarily investigates the causal effect of DACA on labor market outcomes (i.e., yearly real income, weekly wage, weekly working hours, fraction of week worked in a year) of DACA-eligible individuals via the lens of difference in differences (DID) method. Later, DACA effects on DACA-ineligible’s (including natives) and DACA-eligible’s labor market outcomes are assessed from a DACA induced labor “supply shock” perspective, applying instrumental variable (IV) and least square methods. The key findings suggest positive causal effect of DACA on DACA-eligible individual’s labor market outcomes where DACA-ineligibles face bigger detrimental effects on their labor market outcomes due to DACA induced labor supply shock.
dc.description.abstractEmbargo status: Restricted until September 2022. To request an access exception, click on the PDF link to the left.
dc.rights.availabilityRestricted until September 2022.
dc.subjectViolent Crime
dc.subjectNon-Violent Crime
dc.subjectSanctuary Policy
dc.subjectDifference in Differences (DID)
dc.subjectSynthetic Control
dc.titleThree essays on economics of crime and immigration
local.embargo.terms2022-08-01 Applied Economics and Applied Economics Tech University of Philosophy


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