Dwell Times, Wavepacket Dynamics, and Quantum Trajectories for Particles with Spin 1/2

Abstract

The theoretical connections between quantum trajectories and quantum dwell times, previously explored in the context of 1D time-independent stationary scattering applications, are here generalized for multidimensional time-dependent wavepacket applications for particles with spin 1/2. In addition to dwell times, trajectory-based dwell time distributions are also developed, and compared with previous distributions based on the dwell time operator and the flux–flux correlation function. Dwell time distributions are of interest, in part because they may be of experimental relevance. In addition to standard unipolar quantum trajectories, bipolar quantum trajectories are also considered, and found to relate more directly to the dwell time (and other quantum time) quantities of greatest relevance for scattering applications. Detailed calculations are performed for a benchmark 3D spin-1/2 particle application, considered previously in the context of computing quantum arrival times.

Description

© 2024 by the authors. cc-by

Keywords

de Broglie–Bohm theory, dwell times, entanglement, foundations of physics, quantum control, quantum trajectories, wavepacket dynamics

Citation

Poirier, B., & Lombardini, R.. 2024. Dwell Times, Wavepacket Dynamics, and Quantum Trajectories for Particles with Spin 1/2. Entropy, 26(4). https://doi.org/10.3390/e26040336

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