The Moon to Mars Space Weather Analysis Office (M2M): Concept of Operations and Space Weather Analysis Support


As human spaceflight extends outside of the Earth's protective magnetic field, understanding and predicting space weather effects on humans, spacecraft, communication systems, and other technology has become increasingly important. The Artemis missions will use innovative technologies to establish the first long-term presence on the Moon. Space weather plays a critical role in this undertaking as it can impact the risks of radiation exposure in deep space and the radiation environment of the Moon. The Moon to Mars Space Weather Analysis Office (M2M) located at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) was established to support NASA's Space Radiation Analysis Group (SRAG) at Johnson Space Center (JSC) with human space exploration activities by providing novel capabilities to characterize the space radiation environment. M2M supported SRAG through the duration of the Artemis I mission with 24/7 real-time space weather analysis and hosts state of the art models and tools transitioned from the Community Coordinated Modeling Center (CCMC) at NASA GSFC to forecast solar energetic particle events. In collaboration with NOAA's Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC), M2M validates real-time model outputs as a proving grounds for predictive capabilities that can be transitioned to operational agencies. Additionally, M2M provides support to NASA robotic missions, issuing space weather event notifications/reports and providing assessments for spacecraft anomalies. M2M human-in-the-loop analysis activities and validation efforts contribute to a research-to-operations-to-research (R2O2R) framework that is essential for developing the next generation of tools needed to support human deep space exploration for NASA's Artemis program and beyond.


Anna Chulaki, NASA GSFC/CUA, USA
Madeleine Anastopulos, NASA GSFC/CUA, USA
Michelangelo Romano, NASA GSFC/CUA, USA
Hannah Hermann, NASA GSFC/CUA, USA
Anthony Iampietro, NASA GSFC/CUA, USA
Carina Alden, NASA GSFC/CUA, USA
Teresa Nieves-Chinchilla, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), USA
Mary Keenan, NASA GSFC/ADNET Systems, USA
Yaireska Collado-Vega, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), USA
ICES503: Radiation Issues for Space Flight
The 53rd International Conference on Environmental Systems was held in Louisville, Kentucky, USA, on 21 July 2024 through 25 July 2024.


space weather, Artemis, model validation, solar energetic particles