Effects of increasing the concentration of neutral detergent fiber in roughage and bulk density of steam-flaked corn on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and liver abscesses of finishing beef steers fed diets without tylosin phosphate*†

Abstract

Objective: We evaluated the effects of dietary NDF concentration from alfalfa hay and bulk density of steam- flaked corn (SFC) on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and liver abscesses in finishing beef steers. Materials and Methods: Crossbred beef steers (n = 214; 60 pens; initial BW = 417 ± 11.9 kg) were blocked by BW and assigned randomly to treatments and fed an average of 112 d. The treatments were arranged as a 2 × 3 factorial with 10 pens per treatment and consisted of 3 NDF concentrations from alfalfa hay (3%, 4.5%, or 6%) and 309 g/L (24 lb/bu) or 412 g/L (32 lb/bu) SFC (69% or 33% starch availability, respectively). Growth performance and carcass data were analyzed with PROC MIXED of SAS with pen as the experimental unit. Quality grades and liver scores were analyzed as binomial proportions using PROC GLIMMIX. Contrast statements were used to separate linear and quadratic effects of increasing roughage NDF. Results and Discussion: Dry matter intake responded quadratically from d 0 to 35 as roughage NDF increased from 3% to 6%, and DMI increased linearly as roughage NDF increased on d 70 to 105 and d 0 to final. Otherwise, no differences in growth performance were noted. Marbling score responded quadratically to roughage level and was greater for steers fed 3% than for those fed 4.5% or 6% roughage NDF. Steers fed 309 g/L SFC tended to have a larger LM area than those fed 412 g/L SFC. The total percentage of abscessed livers at slaughter decreased linearly as roughage NDF was increased from 3% to 6% of DM as did the presence of A+ abscesses. In addition, total liver abscesses were 13.9 percentage points less in steers fed 412 versus 309 g/L SFC. Implications and Applications: Results suggest that increasing roughage NDF and bulk density of SFC are dietary strategies that can decrease the presence of liver abscesses at slaughter without negatively affecting growth performance.

Description

© 2024 The Author cc-by

Keywords

finishing cattle, liver abscesses, neutral detergent fiber, roughage

Citation

McDaniel, Z.S., Galyean, M.L., Broadway, P.R., Carroll, J.A., Sanchez, N.C.B., Hanratty, A.N., Dornbach, C.W., Line, D.J., Smock, T.M., Manahan, J.L., & Hales, K.E.. 2024. Effects of increasing the concentration of neutral detergent fiber in roughage and bulk density of steam-flaked corn on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and liver abscesses of finishing beef steers fed diets without tylosin phosphate*†. Applied Animal Science, 40(3). https://doi.org/10.15232/aas.2023-02484

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