NASA Environmental Control and Life Support Technology Development and Maturation for Exploration: 2019 to 2020 Overview

Abstract

During 2019 and 2020, NASA’s Environmental Control and Life Support (ECLS) technology development projects have taken vital steps toward establishing readiness for the next generation of human space exploration missions. Technology demonstration systems from last year have been operated on the International Space Station (ISS) and others have been launched. Development of future technology demonstrations is on-going. Facility and hardware development for ground testing to be conducted that strategically complements the on-orbit demonstrations and some ground testing has been initiated. Reliability studies have started to define requirements for on-orbit and ground testing and other investments to support exploration missions. These efforts support NASA missions beyond LEO and include Gateway, lunar surface, Mars transportation, and Mars surface. This paper provides an overview of the current ECLS strategic planning and roadmap as well as a synopsis of key technology and maturation project tasks that occurred in 2019 and early 2020 to support the strategic needs. Plans for the remainder of 2020 and subsequent years are also described.

Description

Walter Schneider, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), USA
Jay Perry, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), USA
James Broyan, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), USA
Ariel Macatangay, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), USA
Melissa McKinley, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), USA
Caitlin Meyer, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), USA
Andrew Owens, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), USA
Nikzad Toomarian, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), USA
Robyn Gatens, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), USA
ICES506: Human Exploration Beyond Low Earth Orbit: Missions and Technologies
The proceedings for the 2020 International Conference on Environmental Systems were published from July 31, 2020. The technical papers were not presented in person due to the inability to hold the event as scheduled in Lisbon, Portugal because of the COVID-19 global pandemic.

Keywords

ECLS, Life Support Systems, Exploration

Citation