Familias en streaming: Discursos domésticos glocales en las series españolas de la post-televisión

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2022-08
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Abstract

Spanish television came into its own in the 1990s as a form of entertainment for the entire family during the democratic period that arrived after four decades of the Franco dictatorship (1939-1975) and a period called the ‘Transition’ (roughly 1977-1982). Television’s immediacy and capacity to adapt to these changing social and political circumstances made it the perfect medium to project a plurality of domestic units. Despite being greatly influenced by the family sitcom and dramedy formats imported from the United States, Spain developed its own television programs that were more closely linked to its national history and culture. “Glocalization” as the co-presence of both global and local tendencies becomes a fundamental element on these types of audiovisual cultural forms. Both the national and international tendencies are increasingly intertwined in today’s streaming series as a form of identification with fictional families where domestic spaces are often located at the center of the narrative. This dissertation explores how socially-constructed discourses of home, family and domesticity are challenged in popular culture, namely, in the Spanish streaming series Paquita Salas (2016), Vida perfecta (2019), and Veneno (2020). Utilizing an intersectional approach drawing on spatial theory and gender studies, this study argues that private domestic spaces in these streaming series are simultaneously places of appropriation and subversion where the concepts of “family” and “home” are renegotiated in the twenty-first century. The spaces and family dynamics of these series are explored to illustrate the role of popular culture in Spain’s sociopolitical panorama during a time when new notions of domesticity are imagined in the form of legislation approved in the last decades on work and domestic parity, LGBTQ+ rights, and the promotion of social inclusion and diversity. Streaming platforms align with these ideas in order to reconstruct the nation’s public image around the concept of domestic space.


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Keywords
Streaming, Domestic Space, Spanish Media Studies, Gender Studies, Nostalgia
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