Early detection of skin cancer using AI: Deciphering dermatology images for melanoma detection

Date

2024

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Abstract

This Review explores the transformative impact of artificial intelligence (AI) on the early detection of skin cancer, with a specific focus on melanoma, a potentially lethal form of the disease. Beginning with an overview of traditional diagnostic methods and their limitations, this paper delves into the evolution of AI within dermatology, emphasizing its application in image analysis and pattern recognition. A comprehensive examination of AI algorithms for melanoma detection, including machine learning and deep learning models, is provided. This Review critically assesses the performance metrics, training datasets, and comparative analyses with traditional methods. Addressing challenges such as data quality, interpretability, and ethical considerations, this paper outlines future directions, emphasizing ongoing research, algorithm improvements, and integration with clinical practices. Case studies and success stories highlight the real-world impact of AI in dermatology. This Review concludes by summarizing key findings and underlining the pivotal role of AI in revolutionizing early melanoma detection, with implications for personalized medicine and enhanced patient outcomes.

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© 2024 Author(s). cc-by

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Citation

Deepa, R., ALMahadin, G., Prashant, G, C., & Sivasamy, A.. 2024. Early detection of skin cancer using AI: Deciphering dermatology images for melanoma detection. AIP Advances, 14(4). https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0188187

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