Reconstructing a Logic of Preservation in Architecture: The Transversal Role of the Architectural Type in the Autonomous Theoretical Sensitivity towards Preservation.



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Architecture is a discipline that is not monolithic and has an infinite number of approaches, both methodological and theoretical. However, there is some consensus that to a large extent its reflections deal with the ways of inhabiting, creating, and recreating the conditions that make certain experiences possible in the space. An in-depth analysis of the disciplinary core reveals that architecture is eminently theoretical and that historically its most important heralds have declared themselves scholars rather than crafters or technicians. Analysis of the theoretical core has revealed a disconnection between preservation and the architectural project, since there is a centralization in the protection of buildings for their historical and material value that does not account for the importance of the architecture that has made the experience possible. Preserving a building or structure with historical value is different from preserving architecture, everything seems to indicate that the nature of these two events is essentially different. An autonomous theoretical approach is necessary to adapt preservation to the epistemological reality of architecture, considering the lessons of the past rather than the linear reading of history. Discourses, as theoretical structures, have shown to be the very germ of the architectural fact, i.e., of what could be considered architecture. The focus of an epistemology of architectural preservation that collects and groups the multiple expressions or theoretical sensibilities in this field and that, in turn, explains the way in which the processes of adaptation, expansion and transformation makes possible the preservation within the architectural project. Symbolic interactions and form as a repository of the collective memory enable a functional and rational connection with the social and cultural reality of the place where it takes place. The architectural type is presented as a methodological and epistemological tool capable of reasonably grouping the first stages of preservation processes, their generalities, and timeless constants.



Architecture, Preservation, Autonomy, Type, Discourses, Theory, Doctor of Philosophy