Effects of 3-week total meal replacement vs. typical food-based diet on human brain functional magnetic resonance imaging food-cue reactivity and functional connectivity in people with obesity

dc.creatorKahathuduwa, Chanaka Nadeeshan (TTU)
dc.creatorDavis, Tyler (TTU)
dc.creatorO'Boyle, Michael (TTU)
dc.creatorBoyd, Lori Ann (TTU)
dc.creatorChin, Shao Hua (TTU)
dc.creatorPaniukov, Dmitrii (TTU)
dc.creatorBinks, Martin (TTU)
dc.date.accessioned2023-07-06T19:23:15Z
dc.date.available2023-07-06T19:23:15Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.description© 2017 The Authors cc-by-nc-nd
dc.description.abstractObjectives Calorie restriction via total meal replacement (TMR) results in greater reduction of food cravings compared to reduced-calorie typical diet (TD). Direct evidence of the impact of these interventions on human brain fMRI food-cue reactivity (fMRI-FCR) and functional connectivity is absent. We examined the effects of a 3-week 1120 kcal/d TMR intervention as compared to an iso-caloric TD intervention using an fMRI-FCR paradigm. Methods Thirty-two male and female subjects with obesity (19–60 years; 30–39.9 kg/m2) participated in a randomized two-group repeated measures dietary intervention study consisting of 1120 kcal/d from either 1) TMR (shakes), 2) TD (portion control). Pre-intervention and following the 3-week diet fMRI-FCR, functional connectivity, food cravings (Food Craving Inventory) and weight were considered. Results Compared to TD, TMR showed increased fMRI-FCR of the bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal (dlPFC), orbitofrontal, anterior cingulate, primary motor and left insular cortices and bilateral nucleus accumbens regions in the post-intervention state relative to the pre-intervention state. Compared to TD, TMR was also associated with negative modulation of fMRI-FCR of the nucleus accumbens, orbitofrontal cortex and amygdala by dlPFC. Reduced body weight (4.87 kg, P < 0.001), body fat (2.19 kg, P = 0.004) and overall food cravings (0.41, P = 0.047) were seen in the TMR group. In the TD group reduced body weight (2.37 kg, P = 0.004) and body fat (1.64 kg, P = 0.002) were noted. Weight loss was significantly greater in TMR versus TD (2.50 kg, P = 0.007). Conclusions Greater weight loss and reduced cravings, coupled with stronger activations and potential negative modulation of the food reward related regions by the dlPFC during exposure to visual food cues is consistent with increased executive control in TMR vs. TD.
dc.identifier.citationKahathuduwa, C.N., Davis, T., O'Boyle, M., Boyd, L.A., Chin, S.-H., Paniukov, D., & Binks, M.. 2018. Effects of 3-week total meal replacement vs. typical food-based diet on human brain functional magnetic resonance imaging food-cue reactivity and functional connectivity in people with obesity. Appetite, 120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2017.09.025
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2017.09.025
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2346/94851
dc.language.isoeng
dc.subjectBrain
dc.subjectCalorie restriction
dc.subjectDiet
dc.subjectfMRI
dc.subjectFood cravings
dc.subjectFood-cue reactivity
dc.subjectObesity
dc.subjectTotal meal replacement
dc.subjectWeight loss
dc.titleEffects of 3-week total meal replacement vs. typical food-based diet on human brain functional magnetic resonance imaging food-cue reactivity and functional connectivity in people with obesity
dc.typeArticle

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