Gardening in Childcare Centers: A Randomized Controlled Trial Examining the Effects of a Garden Intervention on Physical Activity among Children Aged 3–5 Years in North Carolina

dc.creatorWells, Nancy M.
dc.creatorCosco, Nilda Graciela
dc.creatorHales, Derek
dc.creatorMonsur, Muntazar (TTU)
dc.creatorMoore, Robin C.
dc.date.accessioned2023-07-14T14:39:58Z
dc.date.available2023-07-14T14:39:58Z
dc.date.issued2023
dc.description© 2023 by the authors. cc-by
dc.description.abstractThis study examined the effects of a childcare gardening intervention on children’s physical activity (PA). Eligible childcare centers were randomly assigned to: (1) garden intervention (n = 5; year 1); (2) waitlist control (n = 5; control year 1, intervention year 2); or (3) control (n = 5; year 2 only) groups. Across the two-year study, PA was measured for 3 days at four data collection periods using Actigraph GT3X+ accelerometers. The intervention comprised 6 raised fruit and vegetable garden beds and a gardening guide with age-appropriate learning activities. The sample included a total of 321 3–5-year-olds enrolled in childcare centers in Wake County, North Carolina, with n = 293 possessing PA data for at least one time point. The analyses employed repeated measures linear mixed models (SAS v 9.4 PROC MIXED), accounting for clustering of the children within the center and relevant covariates (e.g., cohort, weather, outside days, accelerometer wear). A significant intervention effect was found for MVPA (p < 0.0001) and SED minutes (p = 0.0004), with children at intervention centers acquiring approximately 6 min more MVPA and 14 min less sedentary time each day. The effects were moderated by sex and age, with a stronger impact for boys and the youngest children. The results suggest that childcare gardening has potential as a PA intervention.
dc.identifier.citationWells, N.M., Cosco, N.G., Hales, D., Monsur, M., & Moore, R.C.. 2023. Gardening in Childcare Centers: A Randomized Controlled Trial Examining the Effects of a Garden Intervention on Physical Activity among Children Aged 3–5 Years in North Carolina. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 20(11). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20115939
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20115939
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2346/94928
dc.language.isoeng
dc.subjectaccelerometry
dc.subjectchildcare
dc.subjectchildren
dc.subjectgardening
dc.subjectphysical activity
dc.subjectrandomized controlled trial
dc.titleGardening in Childcare Centers: A Randomized Controlled Trial Examining the Effects of a Garden Intervention on Physical Activity among Children Aged 3–5 Years in North Carolina
dc.typeArticle

Files

Original bundle

Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Name:
Main article with TTU Libraries cover page.pdf
Size:
9.21 MB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format

Collections