Association of Dietary Changes with Risk Factors of Type 2 Diabetes among Older Adults in Sharpeville, South Africa, from 2004 to 2014

dc.creatorLee, Hyunjung
dc.creatorMoyo, Gugulethu T.
dc.creatorTheophilus, Rufus J.
dc.creatorOldewage-Theron, Wilna (TTU)
dc.date.accessioned2024-02-01T19:46:14Z
dc.date.available2024-02-01T19:46:14Z
dc.date.issued2023
dc.description© 2023 by the authors. cc-by
dc.description.abstractThis study aimed to evaluate the associations of dietary changes with risk factors of type 2 diabetes among older populations in Sharpeville, South Africa. A 24 h recall assessment, dietary diversity, and anthropometrics were measured. Blood samples were collected to assess fasting glucose and insulin. Regression analysis was performed using SPSS version 20. The mean BMI of the total of 103 participants was 30.63 kg/m2 at baseline and 29.66 kg/m2 at follow-up. Significantly higher BMI levels were reported in women than men both at baseline (p = 0.003) and follow-up (p = 0.009). Waist circumference significantly decreased from 96.20 cm to 93.16 cm (p = 0.046). The mean levels of HOMA-B significantly increased from 88.99 to 111.19 (p = 0.021). BMI was positively associated with intakes of total energy (p = 0.22), polyunsaturated fatty acids (p = 0.050), and cholesterol (p = 0.006). Waist circumference was strongly associated with total energy (p = 0.048), polyunsaturated fatty acids (p = 0.037), trans fatty acids (p = 0.039), and cholesterol (p = 0.000). HOMA-IR and HOMA-B were associated with intakes of fat (HOMA-IR: p = 0.013; HOMA-B: p = 0.040) and monounsaturated fatty acids (HOMA-IR: p = 0.003; HOMA-B: p = 0.040).
dc.identifier.citationLee, H., Moyo, G.T., Theophilus, R.J., & Oldewage-Theron, W.. 2023. Association of Dietary Changes with Risk Factors of Type 2 Diabetes among Older Adults in Sharpeville, South Africa, from 2004 to 2014. Nutrients, 15(22). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu15224751
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/nu15224751
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2346/97570
dc.language.isoeng
dc.subjectaging
dc.subjectdiabetes mellitus
dc.subjectdiet
dc.subjectfood insecurity
dc.subjectobesity
dc.subjectoverweight
dc.titleAssociation of Dietary Changes with Risk Factors of Type 2 Diabetes among Older Adults in Sharpeville, South Africa, from 2004 to 2014
dc.typeArticle

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