Water Recovery from Brines to Further Close the Water Recovery Loop in Human Spaceflight



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


44th International Conference on Environmental Systems


Further closure of water recovery systems will be necessary for future long duration human exploration missions. NASA’s Space Technology Roadmap for Human Health, Life Support and Habitation Systems specified a milestone to advance water management technologies during the 2015 to 2019 timeframe to achieve 98% H2O recovery from a mixed wastewater stream containing condensate, urine, hygiene, laundry, and water derived from waste. This goal can only be achieved by either reducing the amount of brines produced by a water recovery system or by recovering water from wastewater brines. NASA convened a Technical Interchange Meeting (TIM) on the topic of Water Recovery from Brines (WRB) that was held on January14-15th, 2014 at Johnson Space Center. Objectives of the TIM were to review systems and architectures that are sources of brines and the composition of brines they produce, review the state of the art in NASA technology development and perspectives from other industries, capture the challenges and difficulties in developing brine processing hardware, identify key figures of merit and requirements to focus technology development and evaluate candidate technologies, and identify other critical issues including microgravity sensitivity, concepts of operation, and safety. This paper represents an initial summary of findings from the workshop.


Tucson, Arizona
W. Andrew Jackson, Texas Tech University, USA
Daniel J. Barta, NASA Johnson Space Center, USA
Molly S. Anderson, NASA Johnson Space Center, USA
Kevin E. Lange, NASA Johnson Space Center, USA
Anthony J. Hanford, NASA Johnson Space Center, USA
Sarah A. Shull, NASA Johnson Space Center, USA
D. Layne Carter, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, USA
The 44th International Conference on Environmental Systems was held in Tuscon, Arizona, USA on 13 July 2014 through 17 July 2014.