Novel allelic variation in the Phospholipase D alpha1 gene (OsPLDα1) of wild Oryza species implies to its low expression in rice bran


Rice bran, a by-product after milling, is a rich source of phytonutrients like oryzanols, tocopherols, tocotrienols, phytosterols, and dietary fibers. Moreover, exceptional properties of the rice bran oil make it unparalleled to other vegetable oils. However, a lipolytic enzyme Phospholipase D alpha1 (OsPLDα1) causes rancidity and ‘stale flavor’ in the oil, and thus limits the rice bran usage for human consumption. To improve the rice bran quality, sequence based allele mining at OsPLDα1 locus (3.6 Kb) was performed across 48 accessions representing 11 wild Oryza species, 8 accessions of African cultivated rice, and 7 Oryza sativa cultivars. From comparative sequence analysis, 216 SNPs and 30 InDels were detected at the OsPLDα1 locus. Phylogenetic analysis revealed 20 OsPLDα1 cDNA variants which further translated into 12 protein variants. The O. officinalis protein variant, when compared to Nipponbare, showed maximum variability comprising 22 amino acid substitutions and absence of two peptides and two β-sheets. Further, expression profiling indicated significant differences in transcript abundance within as well as between the OsPLDα1 variants. Also, a new OsPLDα1 transcript variant having third exon missing in it, Os01t0172400-06, has been revealed. An O. officinalis accession (IRGC101152) had lowest gene expression which suggests the presence of novel allele, named as OsPLDα1-1a (GenBank accession no. MF966931). The identified novel allele could be further deployed in the breeding programs to overcome rice bran rancidity in elite cultivars.


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Agricultural Genetics, Gene Expression Profiling


Kaur, A., Neelam, K., Kaur, K. et al. Novel allelic variation in the Phospholipase D alpha1 gene (OsPLDα1) of wild Oryza species implies to its low expression in rice bran. Sci Rep 10, 6571 (2020).