A Decision Support System for Extravehicular Operations Under Significant Communication Latency

dc.creatorMcGrath, Timothy
dc.creatorNorcross, Jason
dc.creatorMorris, Jon
dc.creatorPiatti, Federico
dc.creatorFigueroa, Fernando
dc.creatorSparks, Brianna
dc.creatorSomers, Jeffrey
dc.descriptionTimothy McGrath, JES Tech, USA
dc.descriptionJason Norcross,KBR, USA
dc.descriptionJon Morris, D2K Technologies, USA
dc.descriptionFederico Piatti,D2K Technologies, USA
dc.descriptionFernando Figueroa, NASA Stennis Space Center, USA
dc.descriptionBrianna Sparks, NASA Johnson Space Center(JSC), USA
dc.descriptionJeffrey Somers, NASA Johnson Space Center(JSC), USA
dc.descriptionICES403: Extravehicular Activity: Space Suit and Surface Mobility Operations
dc.descriptionThe 52nd International Conference on Environmental Systems was held in Calgary, Canada, on 16 July 2023 through 20 July 2023.
dc.description.abstractWithin the next few decades, humanity hopes to perform extravehicular activities (EVAs) on the surface of Mars; however, several technical and operational challenges must first be overcome. Foremost among these challenges is managing a significant two-way communication latency between Earth and Mars. Current and historical paradigms of EVA operations have required near-real-time communication between the crewmember(s) performing an EVA and an Earth-based mission control. Next-generation operational paradigms for supporting deep space exploration will necessitate a distributed decision authority system, including delayed Earth-based mission control, the on-planet extravehicular crewmember(s), and intermediate mission support from intravehicular crewmember(s) within real-time communication range. This latter group is of particular interest: they must provide operations support without the plentiful resources available to mission control on Earth. For this purpose, NASA is developing the Personalized EVA Informatics and Decision Support (PersEIDS) software platform. PersEIDS is designed to bolster operator situational awareness and offload operator workload by automating the tracking and projection of consumables usage over an EVA timeline, providing real-time probabilistic safety assessments of an EVA timeline given consumables constraints, and recommending alternative EVA timeline(s) when the active timeline is not expected to be completed under consumables limits. The PersEIDS concept of operations, use cases, and models will be presented. A limited version of PersEIDS was demonstrated during a three-day-long study where each day a roughly four-hour-long simulated Martian EVA was performed in virtual reality at the NASA Johnson Space Center. The first day was a control trial without PersEIDS support; the second and third days represented different levels of decision support provided by PersEIDS to the intravehicular crewmember acting as mission control. With PersEIDS support, the IV crewmember was able to manage the mission to completion faster and with more remaining consumables; however, additional testing is required to understand confounding factors, e.g. training bias.
dc.publisher2023 International Conference on Environmental Systems
dc.subjectdecision support
dc.subjectextravehicular activity
dc.subjectmission operations
dc.subjecttimeline management
dc.subjectcommunication latency
dc.titleA Decision Support System for Extravehicular Operations Under Significant Communication Latency


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