La narrativa zombi como fenómeno literario contemporáneo: Un análisis del post-apocalipsis en el mundo hispano



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The last two decades have seen an increase in post-apocalyptic cultural products worldwide in the different transmitters of popular culture such as TV shows, movies, video games and books. One of the variants of this type of representation are zombie narratives which focus on infestations that generally depict a small group of humans attempting to survive in a world destroyed by a hoard of the living dead. This rise in production coincides with the crises that have been affecting the US and the rest of the world such as 9-11 and the economic recession. In Spain, during the last ten years, there has been a boom of zombie literature that surpasses that of any other Spanish speaking country. However, other countries such as Mexico, Argentina, Chile and Puerto Rico are slowly catching up. This investigation seeks to analyze the origins of this trend from its inception to the way it has become a hybrid product. It will also focus on how the premises discussed by Jean-Francois Lyotard in his book The Postmodern Condition: A report on knowledge (1979) are reflected in zombie novels from different countries. My aim is to show how writers from different Spanish speaking countries have used the zombie as a metaphor that reflects the struggles faced by the citizens from the war against drug cartels in Mexico to the economic crisis in Spain.



Zombi, Post-apocalyptic literature