Depressive Symptoms and Multimorbidity: Is There an Association for Older Black Americans?

Date

2021

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Sage

Abstract

Objectives: Many existing studies have reported a higher prevalence of depressive symptoms among older Black Americans. They also experience a disproportionate burden of multimorbidity, the presence of multiple chronic conditions. Therefore, this study was to identify the association between depressive symptomatology and multimorbidity among older Black Americans. Methods: This study analyzed the 2014 Health and Retirement Study (N = 1206). A negative binomial regression was applied to assess the association between multimorbidity and depressive symptomatology. Results: Higher levels of chronic health problems were associated with higher levels of depressive symptomatology among older Black Americans (Incidence rate ratio = 1.093; p = .002). Lower self-reported health, lower income, and lower educational attainment were also related to higher depressive symptoms. Discussion: Older Black Americans experience vulnerability on multiple levels, and shouldering additional psychosocial and financial burdens adds to already established physical health disparities. This requires critical attention from both practice and policy.

Description

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Keywords

Depressive Symptoms, Chronic Diseases, Mental Health Disparities

Citation

Cho S, Hamler TC. Depressive Symptoms and Multimorbidity: Is There an Association for Older Black Americans? Journal of Aging and Health. 2021;33(5-6):310-316. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264320981244

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