Countermovement jump, handgrip, and balance performance change during euhydration, mild-dehydration, rehydration, and ad libitum drinking

Abstract

Background/Objectives: To examine the effects of euhydration, mild-dehydration, rehydration, and ad libitum drinking on countermovement jump (CMJ), handgrip strength, and performance of balance error scoring system test (BESS).

Methods: Eighteen healthy male subjects (mean[M]±standard deviation[SD]; age, 23±3y; body mass, 80.1 ± 9.7 kg; height, 175.8 ± 5.7 cm) participated in this study. Participants reported to the laboratory to perform CMJ, handgrip strength, and BESS with different hydration statuses (euhydrated, EUH; when they initially sensed thirst, THIRST; dehydrated, DEH; following 30 minutes of rehydration, REH; and following 24-h ad libitum drinking, AD).

Results: CMJ at EUH (M±SD; 54.6 ± 3.0 cm) was significantly higher than DEH (52.8 ± 3.0 cm, p = 0.027) and REH (52.6 ± 2.8 cm, p < 0.001). However, there was no difference between DEH and REH (p = 0.643). CMJ at THIRST (54.9 ± 3.0 cm, p = 0.004) was higher than REH. Also, AD (53.8 ± 2.8 cm, p = 0.027) was higher than REH. In left handgrip strength, THIRST (48.6 ± 9.5 kg) was higher than EUH (46.7 ± 10.1 kg, p = 0.018), DEH (45.8 ± 10.0 kg, p = 0.013), REH (46.1 ± 9.5 kg, p = 0.004), and AD (47.1 ± 9.7 kg, p = 0.05). Additionally, in the single-leg stance on a foam pad, more BESS errors were found at THIRST (6 ± 2) compared to EUH (5 ± 2, p = 0.007) and AD (5 ± 2, p = 0.002).

Conclusion: The findings of this study were: ∼2% of mild dehydration induced by 24-h fluid restriction decreased lower body power measured by CMJ, acute rehydration did not restore the loss of lower body power induced by dehydration, and ∼0.5–0.9% of dehydration did not decrease lower body power.

Description

© 2022 The Society of Chinese Scholars on Exercise Physiology and Fitness. Published by Elsevier (Singapore) Pte Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Keywords

Dehydration, Recovery, Fluid Intake, Performance

Citation

Sekiguchi, Y., Giersch, G. E. W., Jordan, D. R., Dunn, L., Fiol, A., Lopez, V., Armstrong, L. E., Casa, D. J., & Lee, E. C. (2022). Countermovement jump, handgrip, and balance performance change during euhydration, mild-dehydration, rehydration, and ad libitum drinking. Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness, 20(4), 335-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesf.2022.07.003

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