Blocked Presentation Leads Participants to Overutilize Domain Familiarity as a Cue for Judgments of Learning (JOLs)

dc.creatorSerra, Michael J. (TTU)
dc.creatorShanks, Lindzi L. (TTU)
dc.date.accessioned2023-08-16T14:38:09Z
dc.date.available2023-08-16T14:38:09Z
dc.date.issued2023
dc.description© 2023 by the authors. cc-by
dc.description.abstractThe accuracy of judgments of learning (JOLs) is vital for efficient self-regulated learning. We examined a situation in which participants overutilize their prior knowledge of a topic (“domain familiarity”) as a basis for JOLs, resulting in substantial overconfidence in topics they know the most about. College students rank ordered their knowledge across ten different domains and studied, judged, and then completed a test on facts from those domains. Recall and JOLs were linearly related to self-rated knowledge, as was overconfidence: participants were most overconfident for topics they knew more about, indicating the overutilization of domain familiarity as a cue for JOLs. We examined aspects of the task that might contribute to this pattern, including the order of the task phases and whether participants studied the facts blocked by topic. Although participants used domain familiarity as a cue for JOLs regardless of task design, we found that studying facts from multiple topics blocked by topic led them to overutilize this cue. In contrast, whether participants completed the rank ordering before studying the facts or received a warning about this tendency did not alter the pattern. The relative accuracy of participants’ JOLs, however, was not related to domain familiarity under any conditions.
dc.identifier.citationSerra, M.J., & Shanks, L.L.. 2023. Blocked Presentation Leads Participants to Overutilize Domain Familiarity as a Cue for Judgments of Learning (JOLs). Journal of Intelligence, 11(7). https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence11070142
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence11070142
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2346/95602
dc.language.isoeng
dc.subjectaccuracy
dc.subjectcue utilization
dc.subjectdomain familiarity
dc.subjectjudgments of learning (JOLs)
dc.subjectmetacognition
dc.subjectoverconfidence
dc.titleBlocked Presentation Leads Participants to Overutilize Domain Familiarity as a Cue for Judgments of Learning (JOLs)
dc.typeArticle

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