FKF1 Interacts with CHUP1 and Regulates Chloroplast Movement in Arabidopsis


Plants have mechanisms to relocate chloroplasts based on light intensities in order to maximize photosynthesis and reduce photodamage. Under low light, chloroplasts move to the periclinal walls to increase photosynthesis (accumulation) and move to the anticlinal walls under high light to avoid photodamage, and even cell death (avoidance). Arabidopsis blue light receptors phot1 and phot2 (phototropins) have been reported to regulate chloroplast movement. This study discovered that another blue light receptor, FLAVIN-BINDING KELCH REPEAT F-BOX1 (FKF1), regulates chloroplast photorelocation by physically interacting with chloroplast unusual positioning protein 1 (CHUP1), a critical component of the chloroplast motility system. Leaf cross-sectioning and red-light transmittance results showed that overexpression of FKF1 compromised the avoidance response, while the absence of FKF1 enhanced chloroplast movements under high light. Western blot analysis showed that CHUP1 protein abundance is altered in FKF1 mutants and overexpression lines, indicating a potential regulation of CHUP1 by FKF1. qPCR results showed that two photorelocation pathway genes, JAC1 and THRUMIN1, were upregulated in FKF1-OE lines, and overexpression of FKF1 in the THRUMIN1 mutant weakened its accumulation and avoidance responses, indicating that JAC1 and THRUMIN1 may play a role in the FKF1-mediated chloroplast avoidance response. However, the precise functional roles of JAC1 and THRUMIN1 in this process are not known.


© 2023 by the authors. cc-by


Arabidopsis thaliana, avoidance response, blue light, chloroplast movement, light receptor, photorelocation


Yuan, N., Mendu, L., Ghose, K., Witte, C.S., Frugoli, J., & Mendu, V.. 2023. FKF1 Interacts with CHUP1 and Regulates Chloroplast Movement in Arabidopsis. Plants, 12(3).