During bacteremia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 adapts by altering the expression of numerous virulence genes including those involved in quorum sensing

dc.creatorBeasley, Kellsie L. (TTUHSC)
dc.creatorCristy, Shane A. (TTU)
dc.creatorElmassry, Moamen M. (TTU)
dc.creatorDzvova, Nyaradzo (TTUHSC)
dc.creatorColmer-Hamood, Jane A. (TTUHSC)
dc.creatorHamood, Abdul N. (TTUHSC)
dc.date.accessioned2023-03-31T17:39:45Z
dc.date.available2023-03-31T17:39:45Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.descriptionCopyright: © 2020 Beasley et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. cc-by
dc.description.abstractPseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative opportunistic pathogen that produces numerous virulence factors and causes serious infections in trauma patients and patients with severe burns. We previously showed that the growth of P. aeruginosa in blood from severely burned or trauma patients altered the expression of numerous genes. However, the specific influence of whole blood from healthy volunteers on P. aeruginosa gene expression is not known. Transcriptome analysis of P. aeruginosa grown for 4 h in blood from healthy volunteers compared to that when grown in laboratory medium revealed that the expression of 1085 genes was significantly altered. Quorum sensing (QS), QS-related, and pyochelin synthesis genes were downregulated, while genes of the type III secretion system and those for pyoverdine synthesis were upregulated. The observed effect on the QS and QS-related genes was shown to reside within serum fraction: growth of PAO1 in the presence of 10% human serum from healthy volunteers significantly reduced the expression of QS and QS-regulated genes at 2 and 4 h of growth but significantly enhanced their expression at 8 h. Additionally, the production of QS-regulated virulence factors, including LasA and pyocyanin, was also influenced by the presence of human serum. Serum fractionation experiments revealed that part of the observed effect resides within the serum fraction containing <10-kDa proteins. Growth in serum reduced the production of many PAO1 outer membrane proteins but enhanced the production of others including OprF, a protein previously shown to play a role in the regulation of QS gene expression. These results suggest that factor(s) within human serum: 1) impact P. aeruginosa pathogenesis by influencing the expression of different genes; 2) differentially regulate the expression of QS and QS-related genes in a growth phase- or time-dependent mechanism; and 3) manipulate the production of P. aeruginosa outer membrane proteins.
dc.identifier.citationBeasley, K.L., Cristy, S.A., Elmassry, M.M., Dzvova, N., Colmer-Hamood, J.A., & Hamood, A.N.. 2020. During bacteremia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 adapts by altering the expression of numerous virulence genes including those involved in quorum sensing. PLoS ONE, 15(10 October). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0240351
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0240351
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2346/92325
dc.language.isoeng
dc.titleDuring bacteremia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 adapts by altering the expression of numerous virulence genes including those involved in quorum sensing
dc.typeArticle

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