A longitudinal study of stress and coping processes in college women



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Texas Tech University


Emotion-focused coping and problem-focused coping are examined in relation to dysphoria, anxiety, anger, social support, stress, and end-of-semester introductory psychology course points. Female introductory psychology students (N = 2 69) at Texas Tech University completed self-report measures related to these variables at Time 1. At Time 2, six weeks later, 245 of these students completed these self-report measures again. As hypothesized, emotion-focused coping was significantly, and positively, related to dysphoria, anxiety, anger, and stress across time periods. Furthermore, problem-focused coping was significantly, and negatively, associated with all of these variables over time, excluding anger. Higher problem-focused coping at Time 2 was significantly related to less anger at the same time period. A significant negative association was found between emotion-focused coping at Time 1 and satisfaction with social support across time. Moreover, emotion-focused coping at Time 2 was significantly, and negatively, related to satisfaction with social support at the second time period. Higher emotion-focused coping across time was also significantly related to lower end-of-semester introductory psychology points.



Women college students -- Texas -- Mental health, Problem solving, Decision making, Life skills, Stress in youth