A Novel Personalized Motion and Noise Artifact (MNA) Detection Method for Smartphone Photoplethysmograph (PPG) Signals


Photoplethysmography (PPG) is a technique to detect blood volume changes in an optical way. Representative PPG applications are the measurements of oxygen saturation, heart rate, and respiratory rate. However, the PPG signals are sensitive to motion and noise artifacts (MNAs), especially when they are obtained from smartphone cameras. Moreover, the PPG signals are different among users and each individual’s PPG signal has a unique characteristic. Hence, an effective MNA detection and reduction method for smartphone PPG signals, which adapts itself to each user in a personalized way, is highly demanded. In this paper, a concept of the probabilistic neural network is introduced to be used with the proposed extracted parameters. The signal amplitude, standard deviation of peak to peak time intervals and amplitudes, along with the mean of moving standard deviation, signal slope changes, and the optimal autoregressive model order are proposed for effective MNA detection. Accordingly, the performance of the proposed personalized algorithm is compared with conventional MNA detection algorithms. As for the performance metrics, we considered accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity. The results show that the overall performance of the personalized MNA detection is enhanced compared to the generalized algorithm. The average values of the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of the personalized one are 98.07%, 92.6%, and 99.78%, respectively, while these are 89.92%, 84.21%, and 93.63% for the general one.


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Cameras, Electrocardiography, Lenses, Heart rate monitoring, Neural networks


Tabei, F., Kumar, R., Phan, T. N., McManus, D. D., & Chong, J. W. (2018). A Novel Personalized Motion and Noise Artifact (MNA) Detection Method for Smartphone Photoplethysmograph (PPG) Signals. IEEE Access, 6, 60498–60512. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2875873