Comparative transcriptome expression analysis in susceptible and resistant potato (Solanum tuberosum) cultivars to common scab (Streptomyces scabies) revealed immune priming responses in the incompatible interaction

Abstract

Common scab disease in potato has become a widespread issue in major potato production areas, leading to increasing economic losses. Varietal resistance is seen as a viable and long-term scab management strategy. However, the genes and mechanisms of varietal resistance are unknown. In the current study, a comparative RNA transcriptome sequencing and differential gene signaling and priming sensitization studies were conducted in two potato cultivars that differ by their response to common scab (Streptomyces scabies), for unraveling the genes and pathways potentially involved in resistance within this pathosystem. We report on a consistent and contrasted gene expression pattern from 1,064 annotated genes differentiating a resistant (Hindenburg) and a susceptible (Green Mountain) cultivars, and identified a set of 273 co-regulated differentially expressed genes in 34 pathways that more likely reflect the genetic differences of the cultivars and metabolic mechanisms involved in the scab pathogenesis and resistance. The data suggest that comparative transcriptomic phenotyping can be used to predict scab lesion phenotype in breeding lines using mature potato tuber. The study also showed that the resistant cultivar, Hindenburg, has developed and maintained a capacity to sense and prime itself for persistent response to scab disease over time, and suggests an immune priming reaction as a mechanism for induced-resistance in scab resistant potato cultivars. The set of genes identified, described, and discussed in the study paves the foundation for detailed characterizations towards tailoring and designing procedures for targeted gene knockout through gene editing and phenotypic evaluation.

Description

© 2020 Fofana et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. cc-by

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Citation

Fofana, B., Somalraju, A., Fillmore, S., Zaidi, M., Main, D., & Ghose, K.. 2020. Comparative transcriptome expression analysis in susceptible and resistant potato (Solanum tuberosum) cultivars to common scab (Streptomyces scabies) revealed immune priming responses in the incompatible interaction. PLoS ONE, 15(7 July). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0235018

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