Three essays on women as primary investors in the United States of America.



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Investing has changed dramatically over the last 80 years as has household and gender roles. These three essays investigate how individual characteristics of men and women have influenced the determination of who the primary investor is for American households and how the primary investor role connects to financial satisfaction. These essays find that individual characteristics for women are positively associated with being the primary investor and that association is greater for younger women than older women. Also, younger women are alone in having any association between being the primary investor and financial satisfaction. This may be evidence of a shift in social gender roles towards a more open view of women as investors.

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Merit, Social Gender Role, Household Bargaining