Phase behavior of carbon dioxide sequestration in depleted gas reservoirs



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Texas Tech University


Carbon dioxide sequestration in depleted and abandoned gas reservoirs can accomplish two important objectives. Firstly, it could be important part of present climate control initiatives to reduce the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Secondly, it could be instrumental to enhanced gas and condensate recovery. Using the pressure-temperature diagrams and two phase flash calculations, the phase behavior of natural gas-carbon dioxide mixtures were analyzed to provide enlightenment on the carbon sequestration process. From the analysis of simulated results, it was found that carbon dioxide exhibited a drying effect on wet and retrograde gas mixtures and a wetting effect on dry gas. The results for retrograde gas condensate depended on the composition of reservoir fluids at abandonment conditions. The main difference being the liquid volume percent with increasing pressure and carbon dioxide concentration. This influenced the volume of condensate vaporized with the addition of carbon dioxide. It was also determined that carbon dioxide lowers the compressibility factor of all gas types. These results are favorable for carbon dioxide sequestration because decreasing compressibility factors represents increasing storage capacity.



Carbon dioxide (CO2), Atmospheric carbon dioxide, Oil fields, Oil reservoir engineering, Climatic changes -- Environmental aspects, Gas reservoirs