Mosquito surveillance and tools to aid in intelligent vector management

Date

2018-08

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Abstract

Mosquitoes are known as the deadliest animals on the planet, due in large part to their global distribution, pathogen vectoring capabilities, and blood-feeding habits. Vector control programs (VCPs) are established to monitor and control mosquito populations and reduce the threat of mosquito-borne disease outbreaks in local jurisdictions. Insecticides are an important tool in a VCPs abatement efforts. Unfortunately, the development of insecticide resistance is a common and increasing problem. It is also reported that most vector control jurisdictions lack the required resources required to properly accomplish their mosquito abatement activities. In an effort to strengthen VCP capabilities, I developed statistical models using weather factors as the independent variables to help predict the number of human West Nile virus (WNV) cases expected to occur locally, the probability of mosquito populations having a WNV infection during a given week, and the abundance of three medically important mosquito species. These statistical models, when implemented by the VCPs, will give them additional tools and insights into what weather variables may influence the threat of WNV. These models will also help direct abatement efforts to guide when and when not to apply insecticides and, as a result, reduce the potential of insecticide resistance from developing in local mosquito populations.

Description

Keywords

Mosquito, West Nile virus, Vector-control

Citation