How do Teachers use Inquiry and Advocacy as Curriculum? A Longitudinal Study



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title



Many initiatives aim to ensure students can access inquiry-based learning that positions them to address global problems such as climate change and economic inequality. However, in the U.S., curriculum that centers students’ positions as activists is rare, particularly in schools that serve marginalized students. In this study, inquiry and advocacy, two activist teaching frameworks, were employed in preservice elementary teacher education through the use of mentoring experiences. A longitudinal multiple case study, which relied on Cultural Historical Activity Theory, examined the appropriations of inquiry and advocacy made by teachers in their first two in-service years. Findings suggest that across activity settings, teachers adapted inquiry and advocacy by using key tools such as informational texts, by aligning their work with accepted initiatives and addressing state standards, and by cautiously choosing mentors. Findings suggests that researchers must increase their attention to preservice teacher typology and the different features of activity settings in studies evaluating the value of preservice learning. Implications for teacher education programs are discussed.


File under embargo until 10 November 2024. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in ACTION IN TEACHER EDUCATION on 10 May 2023, available at:


Preservice Teacher Education, Teacher Induction, Inquiry, Informational Text


Catherine Lammert (2023) How do Teachers use Inquiry and Advocacy as Curriculum? A Longitudinal Study, Action in Teacher Education, DOI: 10.1080/01626620.2023.2209039