Examining the Relationship Between Racial Identity and Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy on Counseling Students’ Career Satisfaction



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This was a quantitative study that examines the relationship between racial identity and career decision-making self-efficacy and counseling students’ career satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between racial identity and career satisfaction among master’s and doctoral counseling students. Career decision-making self-efficacy was analyzed as a moderator variable. The guiding questions for the research are as follows: (1) How do clinical counseling students align with specific levels of racial identity by race? (2) What is the relationship between clinical counseling students’ level of racial identity development and career satisfaction? (3) Is there a difference in the impact of racial identity on career satisfaction of clinical counseling students based on race? (4) Does career decision-making self-efficacy act as a moderator between racial identity and career satisfaction for clinical counseling students? The study uses critical race theory as a theoretical framework. This framework includes counter-storytelling, the enduring presence of racism, Whiteness as a form of property, interest conversion, and a critical analysis of the liberal framework. This study found the following statistical significance: people of color racial identity attitude schema immersion/resistance had a negative correlation with career satisfaction (p < .05). There were also statistically significant findings between the moderating variable career decision making self- efficacy and career satisfaction. The findings from this study indicate that career decision making self-efficacy plays a significant role in explaining career satisfaction, as higher levels of career decision making self-efficacy were consistently associated with greater levels of career satisfaction.



Career Decision Making Self-Efficacy, Racial Identity, Career Satisfaction