Multi-Criteria Optimization of Cost-Effective and Environmentally Friendly Reactive Powder Concrete Incorporating Waste Glass and Micro Calcium Carbonate

dc.creatorAbellán-García, Joaquín
dc.creatorDaza, Nemesio
dc.creatorMolinares, Marielena (TTU)
dc.creatorAbbas, Yassir M.
dc.creatorKhan, Mohammad Iqbal
dc.date.accessioned2023-11-14T15:53:30Z
dc.date.available2023-11-14T15:53:30Z
dc.date.issued2023
dc.description© 2023 by the authors. cc-by
dc.description.abstractIn pursuit of developing an eco-friendly and cost-effective reactive powder concrete (RPC), we utilized a multi-objective optimization technique. This approach pivoted on the incorporation of byproducts, with a spotlight on ground glass powder (GP) as a pivotal supplementary cementitious material (SCM). Our goal was twofold: engineering cost-efficient concrete while maintaining environmental integrity. The derived RPC showcased robust mechanical strength and impressive workability. Rigorous evaluations, containing attributes like compressive strength, resistance to chloride ion penetration, ultrasonic pulse speed, and drying shrinkage, highlighted its merits. Notably, the optimized RPC, despite an insignificant decrease in compressive strength at 90 days compared to its traditional counterpart, maintained steady strength augmentation over time. The refinement process culminated in a notable 29% reduction in ordinary Portland cement (OPC) usage and a significant 64% decrease in silica fume (SF), with the optimized mix composition being 590 for cement, 100 for SF, 335 for GP, and 257 kg/m3 for calcium carbonate. Additionally, the optimized RPC stood out due to the enhanced rheological behavior, influenced by the lubricative properties of calcium carbonate and the water conservation features of the glass powder. The reactive properties of SF, combined with GP, brought distinct performance variations, most evident at 28 days. Yet, both mixtures exhibited superior resistance to chloride, deeming them ideal for rigorous settings like coastal regions. Significantly, the RPC iteration, enriched with selective mineral admixtures, displayed a reduced tendency for drying-induced shrinkage, mitigating potential crack emergence.
dc.identifier.citationAbellan-Garcia, J., Daza, N., Molinares, M., Abbas, Y.M., & Khan, M.I.. 2023. Multi-Criteria Optimization of Cost-Effective and Environmentally Friendly Reactive Powder Concrete Incorporating Waste Glass and Micro Calcium Carbonate. Materials, 16(19). https://doi.org/10.3390/ma16196434
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/ma16196434
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2346/96696
dc.language.isoeng
dc.subjectmulticriteria optimization
dc.subjectparticle packing density
dc.subjectRPC
dc.subjectwaste glass powder
dc.titleMulti-Criteria Optimization of Cost-Effective and Environmentally Friendly Reactive Powder Concrete Incorporating Waste Glass and Micro Calcium Carbonate
dc.typeArticle

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